Thank you for your feedback. Individualism was king on the frontier. He asked why the Turnerian American character was limited to English settlements in the New World, and why the frontier did not produce that same character among Native Americans and Spaniards. Nevertheless, he made it clear that his historical writing was shaped by a contemporary agenda. Turner held that the American character was decisively shaped by conditions on the frontier, in particular the abundance of free land, the settling of which engendered such traits as self-reliance, individualism , inventiveness, restless energy, mobility, materialism, and optimism. The frontier transformed Jeffersonian democracy into Jacksonian democracy. Turner believes that state lines are artificial constructs, and that regions are really divided by natural boundary lines, such as mountains.
Poor health forced his early retirement from Harvard in Pearl Harbor attack, December 7, , surprise aerial attack on the U. Turner’s emphasis on the importance of the frontier in shaping American character influenced the interpretation found in thousands of scholarly histories. Nevertheless, he made it clear that his historical writing was shaped by a contemporary agenda. The Frontier Thesis came about at a time when the Germanic germ theory of history was popular.
They emphasized the values of individualism, empiricism, simplicity, equality, courage, discovery, independence, and naturalism in the service of democratic access, human rights, ecological balance, and the resolution of social, economic, and political issues.
Citing the Census ofTurner is writing to announce the end of the frontier, and consequently, according to Turner, the vefine of the most crucial instrument in creating a sense of a unique American identity.
To find out more, including how to control cookies, see here: Successive generations moved further inland, shifting the lines of settlement and wilderness, but preserving the essential tension between the two. It came out of the American forest, and it gained new strength each time it touched a new frontier,” said Turner. Philosophy of historythe study either of the historical process and its development or of the methods used by historians to understand their material. Registration Forgot your password?
Turner sets up the East and the West as opposing forces; as the West strives for freedom, the East seeks to control it. Not the constitution but free land and an abundance of natural resources open to a fit people, made the democratic type of society in America for three centuries while it occupied its empire. The New Curriculum Key Concept 4. History at your fingertips.
Kennedy in the early s explicitly called upon the ideas of the frontier. Email required Address never made public. Retrieved from ” https: No known restrictions on publication.
Frederick Jackson Turner: Frontier Thesis APUSH – Spiconardi.
Notify me of new comments via email. However, others viewed this interpretation as the impetus for tugner new wave in the history of United States imperialism. According to the theory, the Germanic race appeared and evolved in the ancient Teutonic forests, endowed with a great capacity for politics and government.
In broad terms, the further west, the more American the community. Turner believes that civilization has an orderly evolutionary cycle that starts in the savage state, moves to pastoralism, and ends with cities and industry. Turner’s emphasis on the importance of the frontier in shaping American character influenced the interpretation found in thousands of scholarly histories.
Essays and Miscellany First ed. However, ddfine work of historians during the s—s, some of whom sought to bury Turner’s conception of the frontier, and others who sought to spare the concept but with nuance, have done much to place Western myths in context. He stressed the process—the moving frontier line—and the impact it had on pioneers going through the process.
Frederick Jackson Turner: Frontier Thesis APUSH – Spiconardi. – ppt download
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The peculiarity of American institutions is, the fact that they have been compelled to adapt themselves to the changes of an expanding people to the changes involved in crossing a continent, in winning a wilderness, and in developing at each area of this progress out of the primitive economic and political conditions of the frontier into the complexity of city life.
South Africa, Canada, Russia, Brazil, Argentina and Australia—and even ancient Rome—had long frontiers that were also settled by pioneers.
Help us improve this article! Disneyland ‘s Frontierland of the mid to late 20th century reflected the myth of rugged individualism that celebrated what was perceived to be the American heritage. In Australia, “mateship” and working together was valued more than individualism. Limerick points out that Kennedy assumed that “the campaigns of the Old Frontier had been successful, and morally justified.
Frontier land was practically free for the taking. Everything in American history up to the s somehow relates the western frontier, including slavery. Contact our editors with your feedback.
Milton Stanley Livingston, the lab’s associate director, said in”The frontier apusg high energy and the infinitesimally small is a challenge to the mind of man.