Since the gain only had to be increased by about 15 dB, a NMOS common source amplifier biased with a cascode current source was chosen as gain-boost amplifier. This range places a limit on the output common mode range of the amplifier. Their immense potential for improving and revolutionalising the electronic market as we know. Print Reproduction Permission Granted: A high-gain dc amplifier that has extremely high voltage gain,. An output stage can be added to the design which will not only increase the gain further but at the same time might lead to higher output swing. The cascode configuration gives more gain as compared to a simple common source configuration.

SOI circuits consist of single-device islands dielectrically isolated from each other and from the underlying substrate. Intel has used tri-gate finFETs for their 22nm transistor development. Applying this architecture to a telescopic cascode configuration, an operational amplifier with a gain of 92 dB and a unity gain frequency of 88 MHz has been designed. Operational Transconductance Amplifier 3. In terms of its structure, the FinFet typically has a vertical fin on a substrate which runs between a larger drain and source area. Triple cascoded transistors at the output give very high gain from this configuration but at the same time stacking three transistors reduces the available swing at the output. As is shown in Chapter 3, too much increase in current might also lead to instability because high currents in the additional stage will give high unity gain frequency for the additional stage and the relationship given in Sections 3.

At some point, the gain of the auxiliary amplifiers is reduced to the point where the circuit does not settle to the desired accuracy.

In a standard OTA, the poutput current isa linear funcsion ofthe differenttial ipnut voltage, caclulated as follows: Normal Cascode Circuit 3.

Masters of Science Program: This is the ability of an operational amplifier to cancel out or reject any signals thsis are common to both inputs, and amplify any signals that are differential between them. With the basic design the gain of the amplifier was found to be 70 dB. A complete stability analysis, high frequency behavior and settling behavior are described. The ratio of the change in input offset current to the change in free-air or ambient temperature.


This circuit is described later in the chapter. Output resistances of regulated cascode circuit RGC and optimally biased circuit OBC as a function of output voltage; a conceptual behavior b simulated behavior 35 But in case of regulated cascode circuit the minimum output voltage is defined as the voltage at which the small signal output resistance of the regulated cascode is the same as the normal cascode in saturation.

By Maryam Shojaei Baghini. Operatipnal Gain Boosted Cascode 3. Some suggestions regarding the future work that can be pursued are also presented. These architectures have been compared in this thesis along with drawbacks and advantages of each.

The unity gain bandwidth of the circuit is still not very high.

A 90 dB, 85 MHz operational transconductance amplifier (OTA

The architecture used in this work uses gain boosting techniques to increase the gain of the amplifier. Here again the PMOS cascode transistors are sized so as not to load the output with huge parasitic capacitances. There has been research done to show that gain-boosting also improves settling time [8], [18], [20]. Also a brief description of the various characteristics of an ideal operational amplifier is mentioned.

So, it’s avoltage conttrolled currentsource VCCS. I would also like to express my sincere gratitude towards Dr. A fully differential telescopic cascode with gain boosting architecture Essentially transistors M3 and M5 are acting as simple common-source NMOS amplifiers with cascode current loads.


Interdependence is certainly more valuable than independence. The main idea behind gain boosting is to further increase the output impedance without adding more cascode devices.

A 90 dB, 85 MHz operational transconductance amplifier (OTA

Thesiw gain is taken to be the product of the transconductance 27 and the output impedance. These 3D FETs have emerged out from the rest of the transistor technologies currently in development because of it better gate control and overcoming abilities from short channel effects.

operational transconductance amplifier thesis

In addition to extremely good channel control, the FinFET transistors also offer approximately twice the on-current because of the two channels, even without channel doping. A brief comparison transconductancs the regulated cascode and an optimally biased cascode anormal cascode is also described. Op-amps have a wide range of applications owing to their performance as mentioned before.

This thesis describes a regulated cascode circuit RGC theis provides a high output resistance which, in turn, leads to high gain as compared to a normal cascode circuit optimally biased cascode — OBC. Common Mode feedback circuit.

The OTA is a basic building block in most of thesiz circuits with linear input-output characteristics. Single-stage OTA 7 The drawback is that the gain is rather low due to the fact that the output impedance of this configuration is relatively low r – 0 10′ —10 2 kf.

operational transconductance amplifier thesis

One way of increasing the impedance is to add some transistors at the output including using an active load. The slope of the output gives the slew rate of the amplifier. As mentioned intel is currently developing their new revolutionery chip which is implementing the FinFETs.