Rienck Hemmema was the owner of the farm and he kept up a book with the expenditures and yields, which allow us to study the hay production in historical times. This confirms the hypothese that we are dealing with manure. Zuidland 2 Midden-Delfland: In paleobotanical literature a debate is going on about the role of Brassica rapa in protohistorical times. With protohistorical tools the mowing took more time.

Coppicing involves cutting back tree trunks close to the ground level thereby stimulating the formation of a vigorous growth of shoots from the remaining stump. A possible reason could be that from this period onward hay was harvested and stored. Meta Keywords Length 0 We determine that westmaas didn’t use meta keywords in meta section of your theguardian. They do not occur in the archaeological record before the end of the 9th century Huijbers , In this paragraph the data is discussed per fodder source. Reduced forage intake starts at the end of the autumn. Non Annotated Bibliography at a Glance For instance, you can encounter of producing an annotated bibliography, a job.

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This indicates that much leaf fodder had to be collected and that this was very labour intensive. They walked into the sea to fed on it and Scottish farmers would use it as fodder. With the exception of two Triticum sp. Fodder is defined by the Concise Oxford English Dictionary as ‘dried food, hay, straw, etc.

This sample is very interesting and will therefore be discussed in detail. Only the rhizomes of Phragmites australis are eaten in the winter Drost27; Vulink et al.

thesis bv westmaas

The figure on the right shows Brassica rapa ssp. In the medieval period and historical times farmers therefore used eutrophic peat mainly wood-peat to increase the fertility of the land Van de Ven In the calculations I use storage structure VzG If you don’t enter explanation about westmaas site in this westmaas, search engine puts random thing from any of your web site.


The bottom was somewhat raised and sometimes covered with old straw and brushwood. If this amount had to be stored in storage structure VzG08, it was filled to a height of 6,3 metre. From the 4th century BC onwards, the size and the occurrence of the briquetage increases. On heathland the consumption of Calluna vulgaris common heather rose to a maximum in January and in the area with heathland and riverine grassland Karshoek Deschampsia cespitosa tufted hair-grass tussocks, Calluna vulgaris, Erica tetralix cross-leaved heathJuncus effuses soft rushPinus sylvestris scots pine and some deciduous browse were selected.

Thesis bv westmaas

Campbellsees Vicia sativa and legumes Pisum sativum and Phaseolus sp. This is the most difficult period for the cattle Drost25, 26; Van Vuure Due to the time limitation of this thesis, the focus is on cattle.

Regional differences in hay production In other regions with little low parts, hay played a less important role as fodder. Figure on the right: The practise of storing fodder can be studied by the analysis of storage structures. According to Brinkkemper, this indicates that Phragmites australis was harvested before the winter.

Unfortunately, the varieties cannot be distinguished on basis of their seeds. In the protohistory the economy was mainly based on arable farming and cattle-breeding, so the soil fertility was an important characteristic. In the Broekpolder on a salt-marsh ridge to the west of the Oer-IJ main channeldung was retrieved from pits in the form of separate blobs of a size comparable to that of a cowpat see figure 5.


Reduced forage intake starts at the end of the autumn. By providing a outline the annotation should explain the worth of the source for your own search topic. Although behavioral targets for BP control include routine monitoring of BP, healthful dietary intake, physical activity, medication adherence, smoking cessation, and stress management, among others, existing mHealth interventions have not identified how best to click the following article these behaviors.

He made a pre-selection on the basis of adventitious axillary buds. According to Therkorn and co-authors, Hordeum vulgare could have been fed to the animals.

thesis bv westmaas

This bulk forage would wesmaas avoided at other times of the year. Two types of storage pits are distinguished here: Aroundsome cattle breeders in North Holland had discovered that they could limit the consequences of an infection with the Fasciola hepatica by giving their cattle brine to drink.

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It is usually made from grass crops, including corn maize or other cereals, using the entire green plant. In good years, much of the Hordeum vulgare is declared fodder, ensuring that farmers have no westmzas surplus which might otherwise tempt them to reduce their scale of production and so increase the risk of a shortfall after a future poor harvest. Since the second thesid of the 20th century until now, the rural landscape has undergone extreme changes.